“The significance and joy in my science comes in those occasional moments of discovering something new and saying to myself, “So that’s how God did it.” My goal is to understand a little corner of God’s plan.” ~Henry Fritz Schaefer
The biggest Earth Science is known as Physical Geography. This kind of geography is not about countries and cultures. Physical geography is all about the Earth. It uses many ideas from other sciences including chemistry, biology, physics, climatology, astronomy, and more. For an excellent introduction to physical geography and earth science basics, see:
GEOGRAPHY4KIDS.COM is a free website that teaches the basics of physical geography and earth science to all ages. It has sections on the earth’s structure, atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, climates, energy, and biogeochemical cycles. Activities and quizzes are included.
Geography for Kids – An online geography textbook written for kids.
Geography Movies – A selection of free Geography movies for kids on assorted topics: Weather, Biomes, etc. In order to successfully complete each online video, your student must watch it, and then answer the quiz questions with 80% or higher accuracy.
Geology for Kids – An online geology textbook written for kids.
Geology Movies – A selection of free Geology movies for kids. In order to successfully complete each online video, your student must watch it, and then answer the quiz questions with 80% or higher accuracy.
6th Grade Earth Science – Geology, Hydrology, Meteorology, Astronomy. The content available on the Georgia Department of Education’s Shared Resources Website is available for anyone to view. Courses are divided into modules and are aligned with the Georgia Performance Standards.
A collection of earth science links based on state standards for middle school students:
- The Earth
- Plate Tectonics
- Rock types
- Geology Home
- Geological Eons and Eras
- Sedimentary Rocks
- Metamorphic Rocks
- Igneous Rocks
JASON Science (geology, ecology, meteorology, energy, forces and motion) – The JASON Project has always embraced technology to promote education through exploration, and they recognize that games are a powerful way to do this. JASON’s exciting computer games place students in real-life situations in which they use actual scientific data to learn complex ideas and relationships. JASON online games and digital labs are available for free in the JASON Mission Center, along with accompanying curriculum units. In JASON’s Operation: Resilient Planet game, students get to use an ROV to visit the Gulf of Mexico and the ocean surrounding the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands, where they can see some of the most unique underwater ecosystems on the planet. The game focuses on four endangered species and the importance of biodiversity. In Landform Detectives, the JASON Project’s geology game, students travel around the globe to unlock the secrets of Earth’s strangest and most inspiring landforms. In JASON’s Master Mines game, students visit mining sites worldwide to gather mineral specimens, and then bring them back to the lab for analysis. You can perform tests to determine hardness, cleavage, density, color, and more. Once you’ve tested the minerals, you’ll be able to identify them! JASON’s other award-winning games include: Coaster Creator, Storm Tracker, and Nautilus Commander.
Physical Geography Online Textbook – Physical Geography is a sub-discipline of two much larger fields of study – Geography and Earth Sciences. The main purpose of Physical Geography is to explain the spatial characteristics of the various natural phenomena associated with the Earth’s hydrosphere, biosphere, atmosphere, and lithosphere. PhysicalGeography.net contains six main components: Fundamentals of Physical Geography (Online eBook), Understanding Physical Geography (Online eBook), Learning Visualizations, Glossary of Terms, Internet Weblinks, and Search Site. Nested within the pages of this online textbook are links to study guide pages and additional reading pages for each chapter. The Fundamentals of Physical Geography online textbook contains over three hundred pages of information and more than four hundred 2-D illustrations, photographs, and animated graphics organized into ten chapters. Understanding Physical Geography will contain significantly more information and will be written for a 1st year university audience. Completion date for this project is the middle of 2012. Several draft chapters are now available for downloading.
Creation Science Online Textbook –In the Beginning: Compelling Evidence for Creation and the Flood, by Walt Brown. (Click on the image to order the 8th edition hardcover text at Amazon.) In both the printed book and the online edition, evidence that revolutionizes our understanding of origins is carefully explained. Part I discusses, in quick overview, 131 categories of evidence from biology, astronomy, earth science, and the physical sciences. Part II describes the hydroplate theory, developed during 35 years of study and research by Walt Brown. This theory explains a catastrophic event in Earth’s history and solves a host of recognized problems. Some chapters in Part II deal with: the origin of the Grand Canyon, evidence that shows comets, asteroids, and meteroids came from Earth, the sudden freezing and burial of the frozen mammoths, if there was a global flood, where the water came from and where it went, and how mountain ranges, volcanoes, submarine canyons, ocean trenches, and coal and oil deposits were formed. Thirty-seven other frequently asked questions fill a fascinating Part III of Brown’s book. (The author of this book used to be an evolutionist, but after years of study he became convinced of the scientific validity of creation. A West Point graduate, he received his Ph.D. in mechanical engineering from MIT.) Note: Both the hardcover and online editions are richly illustrated in full color. The hardcover is a sturdy textbook. The free online edition is interactive and hyperlinked; just use the links at the left to navigate through the outline of the entire book. A fascinating science text for teens and adults! Read this book online at: http://www.creationscience.com/onlinebook
Earth Revealed – A video instructional series on geology for college and high school classrooms and adult learners; 26 half-hour video programs and coordinated books (shown at left). This series shows the physical processes and human activities that shape our planet. From earthquakes and volcanoes to the creation of sea-floor crusts and shifting river courses, Earth Revealed offers stunning visuals that explain plate tectonics and other geologic concepts and principles. Follow geologists in the field as they explore the primal forces of the Earth. This series can also be used as a resource for teacher professional development. Produced by Intelecom. 1992.
Planet Earth – A video instructional series on Earth science and astronomy for high school and college classrooms and adult learners; 7 one-hour video programs and coordinated books (shown at left). This series presents visually spectacular tours of the seven continents as it makes connections between our solar system and Earth’s oceans, climate, and mineral and energy sources. It unifies Earth science, astronomy, and comparative planetology into an integrated discipline that relies on common scientific methods. A flexible instructional resource, Planet Earth provides course material for both non-science students and science majors. Produced by WQED/Pittsburgh in association with the National Academy of Sciences. 1986.
The Great Magnet, the Earth – A site for teaching Geomagnetism in an Earth Sciences class, by Dr. David P. Stern, Laboratory for Extraterrestrial Physics, Goddard Space Flight Center. Covering the Earth’s magnetism in a high school course on Earth sciences addresses two important problems of the science curriculum. On one hand, the customary sequence allocates to physics just one year (and that as an elective!), not nearly enough to sample all areas of physics. In particular, the coverage of electromagnetism, deferred to the end of that course, often ends up short. On the other hand, while physics in high school suffers from lack of time, Earth science could use more substance. It involves rather little math and only limited experimentation, and so all too often ends up mainly as rote memorization. A better strategy may be to qualitatively describe the physical and historical foundations of Earth sciences. The Earth’s magnetism and the historical evolution of its study are one such thread. The material for such a course, in clear plain language, is available for free on the world-wide web, at a site named “The Great Magnet, the Earth.” Like two earlier educational web sites by the same author, this one, too, stresses the history of science. History is a framework logically relating different parts of the subject to each other, and it also adds human interest and stories of discovery.
Earth Science Links by Subject
General Earth Science
A Modern Framework for Earth Sciences in a Christian Context, by Arthur V. Chadwick, Ph.D.
Geology Labs On-Line – Web-based activities which enhance the learning and teaching of earth science from middle school through college classrooms. With these activities, students complete a sequence of tasks that require observation, measurement, and data analysis. Upon successful completion, they receive a personalized certificate. These activities are available without cost on this website.
Institute for Global Environmental Strategies – Click on “Education,” then “Educator & Student Resources” to access educational resources for the classroom, covering topics that investigate global climate and the environment, which are geared toward students of varying grade levels.
TeachEarth.com – Resources for teaching and learning about earth system science – how our air, land, water and life are an interconnected system. Find quick links to web-based resources and activities, organized by subject and grade.
U.S. Geological Survey – Click on “Education” for resources and lessons in Biology, Geography, Geology, Water, and much more… organized according to Grades K-6, Grades 7-12, and Undergraduate College.
National Caves Association – Lots of facts, links, and pictures about caves and cave science.
- SRP Hydromet System
- Climate of Phoenix
- Arizona Climate Summaries
- Western U.S. Climate Historical Summaries
- Arizona Real-Time Surface Water Data
- Climographs of U.S. Cities
- North America Climographs
- USA TODAY Climates of World Cities
Lecture on colorful geology of the southern Colorado Plateau in 3D (you can view this without 3D glasses, but it’s even better if you have them)
USGS Earthquake Hazards Program – California-Nevada Fault Map for Los Angeles.
Faulting and Folding
Spill-Over Theory – was the Grand Canyon carved out by an emptying lake?
When Rocks Fall – US Geological Survey Lecture
Meandering Rivers – NPR Science Friday Video of the Week
Dan’s Wild, Wild Weather Page – An interactive educational site for kids, parents, and teachers from meteorologist Dan Satterfield.
Hurricane Hunters – The 53rd Weather Reconnaissance Squadron based at Keesler Air Force Base in Biloxi, Mississippi, has been flying into tropical storms and hurricanes since 1944.
Lightning – The Shocking Story, from National Geographic.
Make a Barometer – Do you know what the air pressure is today? You can find out for yourself by measuring the air pressure on a barometer. Free activity from the Miami Museum of Science.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration – NOAA educational resources on oceans and coasts, climate, weather and atmosphere, marine life, fresh water, and special topics.
National Weather Service – Climate information, weather safety, forecasts for the U.S. and various international locations, along with coverage of storm development, plus weather education and outreach.
The Perfect Storm (PDF) – A compilation of six magazines from Cobblestone Publishing exploring the same theme at the same time – the world of weather! This 157-page e-book contains the complete March 2012 issues of COBBLESTONE (American history for ages 9 and up), ODYSSEY (science for ages 9 and up), CALLIOPE (world history for ages 9 and up), FACES (world cultures for ages 9 and up), DIG (archaeology for ages 9 and up), and APPLESEEDS (history and culture for ages 7 to 10) – all gathered into one digital edition. “We wanted to combine editorial forces and show kids how weather shapes history, culture, science, and technology,” says Lou Waryncia, editorial director. The covers can even be put together to form a mosaic poster depicting nature’s extreme weather fury – drought, flood, lightning, blizzard, hurricane, and tornadoes. Click here to go to the digital download page, or click here to download the PDF directly.
Snow Crystals – An online guide to snowflakes, snow crystals, and other ice phenomena created by Kenneth G. Libbrecht, Caltech. This site is all about snow crystals and snowflakes — what they are, where they come from, and just how these remarkably complex and beautiful structures are created, quite literally, out of thin air.
The Tornado Project – There are many sites with tornado data, so we are giving the subject a little different twist, with tornado myths, tornado oddities, personal tornado experiences, tornado chasing, tornado safety, and tornadoes in the past as well as more recent tornadoes.
USA Today.com Weather – This site offers weather information for U.S. and foreign locations. Click on Weather/Climate Science for informational articles on basic concepts in meteorology and climatology.
The Weather Channel – Check out the top weather news stories and information on weather.
The Weather Dude – Welcome to the weather education site especially for students, parents, kids and teachers from national TV meteorologist Nick Walker. This site features musical meteorology pages! Nick uses his vocal, instrumental and songwriting talents to drive home his meteorological message.
Weather Images – This is a one-stop weather site provided free to the general public. This concise and user-friendly weather website conveniently pulls together the most valuable and frequently accessed weather data on the Internet. From here, you can get radar and satellite imagery, other weather maps, and cool weather cam views!
Marine Science – Parallel Alternative Strategies for Students (PASS) volumes written by Florida educators are free, ready-to-use resources in PDF format that may be reproduced or used as a workbook. The student volumes are presented in an easy-to-understand format for students seeking a standard diploma.
Ocean Planet – Based on a Smithsonian traveling exhibition from April 1995 to April 1996, this online companion contains all of the text and educational materials associated with Ocean Planet. NOTE: The content reflects the state of knowledge at the time of the exhibition, and has not been updated.
Oceanography – ONR – This site is packed with exciting ocean facts and information from the Office of Naval Research.
What is Oceanography? – Oceanography is the science of understanding the oceans, how they work, how they came into existence, how they affect our daily lives, the creatures that live in them, and how they may be impacted by changes caused by human influences. Includes information about current and future research in the ocean sciences disciplines, for older students from the National Science Foundation.
- The National Address Server
- USNO Master Clock Time
- Discovery News
- Great circle flight path display
- Earth Introduction
- Sun or Moon Rise/Set Table for One Year
- WORLDTIME: interactive atlas, time info, etc
- FEMA — TROPICAL STORM AND HURRICANE WATCH INFORMATION
- NASA Images, Animations
- EarthWatch Communications, Inc.
- Operational Significant Event Imagery
- Declassified CIA Satellite Photos
- GORP – US National Park List
Rocks and Minerals
Cape Cod Rocks – An internet e-museum for exploring gems, fossils, rocks and mineral specimens.
GeoMysteries – Join Rex the Dino Detective as he solves mysteries about rocks, fossils and minerals.
MineralTown – All kinds of information related to mineral collecting and minerals around the world. Educational contents can be found in the left sidebar. Includes information on how to classify a basic collection of minerals.
Rocks for Kids – This site is for kids of all ages who love rocks. Here you will find out stuff about rocks & minerals and where to go to find out more. If you already collect rocks then this is the place for you! Find out where you can get more rocks, look at some super pictures of rocks, learn how to identify the rocks you already have and discover neat things you can do with rocks. Don’t worry if you don’t have a rock collection. There is something here for everyone. Come in and browse around & take a look at what Rockhounds do for a hobby. If you are doing a school project on rocks & minerals, you will find things here that you can use. Click on the Table of Contents to get started.
http://volcanoes.usgs.gov/about/index.php – Learn about volcanoes, from the USGS.
Volcano World – The premier volcano site, Volcano World is a higher education, K-12, and public outreach project of the Oregon Space Grant Consortium administered through the Department of Geosciences at Oregon State University.
Devil’s Marbles – an unusual rock formation
Tafoni – a fantastic rock weathering pattern